Since its popular reemergence in the 1980s, courts have not placed significant restrictions on the use of solitary confinement. One small exception has appeared. Lower courts have held that placing prisoners with preexisting severe mental illness in solitary confinement violates the Cruel and Unusual Punishment Clause.1 Can this relatively limited rule be expanded to abolish solitary confinement altogether? This Comment argues that it can. A large body of diverse research demonstrates that prolonged solitary confinement causes severe mental illness in most prisoners, regardless of their medical history.2 By extension, because there is no principled basis for distinguishing between preexisting and confinement-induced mental illness, solitary confinement must end for all prisoners.
Ghastly Signs and Tokens: A Constitutional Challenge to Solitary Confinement,
Idaho L. Rev.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.law.uidaho.edu/idaho-law-review/vol56/iss3/8